Panama, El Salvador and Ecuador import maize for domestic consumption. They pay in dollarized currencies for imports grown on what are called ghost acres because they are not there and reliant on flows of virtual water that come embedded in the tonnes of arriving maize. What, in any of this, is “domestic”?
In the same breadth, their governments are told to: promote policies that increase the inflow of remittances but reverse the outflow of skilled talent; mitigate the takeover of sectors by multi-national corporations, but ensure the corporations are taxed; and couple more effectively social protection to production, but also undertake the degrowth needed in these unsustainable economies.
“Their” “sectors,” “there”?